Bleeding Gums – Causes

Bleeding of the gums can be caused by one simple thing like for example a bad teeth brushing technique, but it can also be a sign of some kind of a health issue which you should look into.


  1. Gingivitis – a disease which causes gum inflammation
  2. Rough teeth brushing or using a brush with hard bristles
  3. You’ve recently started using floss and your gums aren’t used to it
  4. Medication you take
  5. Pregnancy
  6. You have prothesis that doesn’t fit well


Bleeding gums are the main symptom of gum inflammation. It is one of the most common oral cavity diseases caused by plaque accumulating along the gum line. If you have gingivitis, your gums could be irritated, red and swollen. Also, when you have gingivitis your gums are prone to bleeding when brushing your teeth. You can prevent gingivitis by having a regular hygiene which consists of washing your teeth twice a day, floss every day and wash your mouth with antibacterial solutions and that you also regularly go to the dentist.
More about this you can read up on Gingivitis – Gum inflammation


If you don’t treat gingivitis – it evolves into periodontosis – incurable disease, which can only be slowed down. Periodontosis is progressive and degenerative illness that destroys tissue and bone that support the teeth. Bleeding of the gums represents one of the main symptoms of periodontosis. If your gums are bleeding easily, it is possible that you have it. Also, if you can notice your gums retreating and that you can see more of your teeth over time. Your breath could smell bad and you can have an awful taste in your mouth as well as red and swollen gums. If you don’t treat periodontosis you could lose your teeth.
More about this you can read up on Periodontosis – Symptoms, causes and treatment


Bleeding and swelling of the gums can be a sign of diabetes type 1 or 2. If you suffer from diabetes, your mouth doesn’t have the capacity to fight of all the bacteria, so there’s a bigger risk from infection. Higher level of sugar in your blood which is connected to diabetes makes it more difficult for gums to heal and considering that it makes gum diseases more difficult to treat.


Gums that bleed can be a sign of leukaemia. Thrombocytes help in stopping the bleeding. If you have leukaemia the number of thrombocytes is low. That makes it more difficult to stop the bleeding in different parts of your body including gums.


If you have gum bleeding while washing your teeth which doesn’t stop on it’s own accord, your gums could be irritated or you maybe have a thrombocyte deficiency – thrombocytopenia. If you do suffer from this condition, every wound heals with great difficulty, including your gums.


If your gums bleed a lot when you cut yourself or have an intervention, it can be a sign of haemophilia or something like it. It means that your blood doesn’t coagulate as it should and that wounds heal very slowly or don’t heal at all. Haemophilia is a hereditary illness.


Vitamin C helps tissue grow and regenerate. It helps with healing wounds and strengthening bones and teeth. If you don’t have enough vitamin C, you are probably going to feel week and irritable. Over time, it can lead up to swollen gums and bleeding. If you have vitamin C deficiency for a longer period of time it can cause scurvy. Scurvy shows up on your skin, mucous membranes, connective tissue and joints. It can lead to anemia. Bleeding gums represent a typical symptom of scurvy.


If you notice bleeding from your gums the cause could be vitamin K deficiency as well. This vitamin helps coagulate the blood. Also it is very good for the bones. If you are missing vitamin K in your diet or your body doesn’t absorb it well it can cause gum bleeding.

It wouldn’t be recommended that you put down the diagnosis yourself. Before doing anything else, you should visit your dentist, who will then advise you further. If you do want to make an appointment in Markov Dental Clinic, where you will get advice on what is best for you from dr sci. med. Borislav Markov after your check-up, you can do that by calling 021 300 65 21, filling in this form or by contacting us on our Facebook page.



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