Wisdom Teeth – Possible Complications

Our oral cavity goes through plenty of changes during our lives. One of the bigger ones usually happens between 17th And 21st year of life and it is wisdom teeth growth. When they grow the right way, healthy wisdom teeth help with chewing. It is normal to feel discomfort until they come through completely but if you have pains you should get in contact with your dentist.

Even when you don’t feel any pain from your wisdom teeth it doesn’t always mean everything is okay. That’s why it’s important that you have exams regularly, so that your dentist could determine if everything is okay or not. Your wisdom teeth could be impacted. What does that mean? It means that the teeth can’t come through to the surface. This could happen if your jaw is too small or there isn’t any space for wisdom teeth or they are growing at an angle and are pushing another tooth. This pressure wisdom teeth have on other teeth can do a lot of damage to other teeth.

Everything about the removal process, recovery and how to know if you do need a surgical intervention you can read up in our text Wisdom teeth removal – everything you want to know.


Impacted wisdom teeth can partly come through, so that one part is visible (partially impacted wisdom teeth), but it can also happen that they never go through gums to the surface. Whether they are partially or completely impacted, wisdom teeth can:

  • grow at a certain angle towards the other teeth
  • grow at a certain angle towards the back of the mouth
  • grow horizontally instead of vertically


Impacted wisdom teeth can cause more problems in your mouth:

  • They can damage other teeth. If the wisdom tooth is pushing the tooth next to it, that can damage the tooth or to make the risk of getting an infection bigger in that area. This pressure can also cause other teeth to crook and it is common that because of your wisdom teeth you need orthodontic therapy to straighten other teeth.
  • Cysts. Wisdom teeth grow inside a cavity in the jaw. That cavity can fill up with liquid, forming a cyst which can damage the jaw, teeth and nerves. Very rarely a tumour forms – usually benign. This kind of complication can demand removal of tissue and bones.
  • Rotting. Partially impacted wisdom teeth are at a greater risk of rotting and tooth decay then other teeth. This happens because this kind of wisdom teeth are cleaned with more difficulty because food and bacteria easily get stuck between the gums and partially grown tooth.
  • Wisdom teeth can cause gum disease. Because they are difficult to clean, these teeth make the risk of getting pericoronitis greater. About pericoronitis you can read in our text – Pericoronitis – Inflammatory gum condition.


We can’t prevent wisdom teeth from growing at angles but having regular check-ups at the dentists office for cleaning can help your dentist follow the growth of wisdom teeth. This way you will have prevented the problem from even happening.


When wisdom teeth have enough space to grow but the impuls for growth isn’t there and they don’t come through, then they are called retained wisdom teeth. That type of wisdom teeth is situated inside the jaw but it didn’t burst through the gums and it isn’t visible inside the mouth. People usually ask if this kind of tooth should be taken out or left inside the jaw. Some dentists will say it shouldn’t be removed as to not create more problems, while others in fear of a follicular cyst forming will suggest removing it. That’s why it’s important that you visit clinics in which professional dentists work, to make sure your dentist is making the right decision.

If you want to make an appointment at the Markov Dental Clinic where you’ll be examined and advised by dr sci. med. Borislav Markov, you can do that by filling out this form.

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